What Is an Outdrive Engine on A Boat? (Understanding boat engines)

Fact Checked By James A Rockey | Post Updated On: April 19, 2022
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

An outdrive engine is one that has the drive unit or steering component outside the boat’s hull. Almost all outboard engines are outdrives, so these terms are used interchangeably. The other option for an outdrive engine is a sterndrive (inboard) which has the engine on the boat’s stern.

These terms can be confusing, especially when you choose a new boat and can’t decide which type of engine to go for. Some years back, choosing the engine type was easy because the options were limited. Certain boat designs had sterndrives, and others had outboard engines, the boat design you wanted to determine the engine you got. Also, sterndrives were the only powerful engine option, and if you wanted 250 hp and above, you’d have to settle for a sterndrive. Now, the options are endless, and both engine types can offer up to 300 hp, so you need to be informed when choosing the boat engine.

This article looks at the different types of engines and drives, how they work, the differences between them and helps you decide the best engine and drive for your needs. We also answer some common questions regarding boat drives. Keep reading!

Types Of Engines and Drives 

Types Of Engines and Drives 

There are two types of engines and two types of drives used on boats today. We have outboard engines and inboard engines, and for the drives, we have stern drives and jet drives.

This section looks at all these in detail to better clarify and understand.

Outboard engines

 Outboard engines are installed on the transom outside the boat. An outboard burns fuel alongside oil as the lubricant. These engines give more power per pound of weight than inboard engines. Boats with outboard engines have a steering wheel or tiller that swivels the entire engine to direct thrust.

Outboard engines are perfect for pontoon boats because their configuration doesn’t leave enough space for installing an inboard engine. Outboard engines are also used for boats, not meant for watersports, because they would get in the way of skiing, wakeboarding and other activities. You will mostly find this type of engine on boats meant for cruising.

Another advantage of outboard engines is that their maintenance cost is relatively low because they don’t have distributor caps and rotors. However, they still require engine oil, spark plug, oil filter gearcase lube and water pump impeller changes.

Inboard engines 

Inboard engines are also referred to as stern drive engines. They are mounted in the front of the transom or inside the hull’s midsection. Most inboard engines are four-stroke automotive engines that have been adapted for marine use. This engine turns the drive shaft that runs through the hull’s bottom and is attached to a propeller. 

Most personal watercraft have inboard engines that are two-stroke and burn oil as a lubricant and fuel. The newer technology of two-stroke PWC engines is direct-injection engines that burn cleaner than their conventional counterparts. Most vessels with an inboard engine are steered by a rudder located behind the propeller.

Inboard engines are commonly found on deck boats and bowriders because these vessels have enough space for them. They are also common with boats used for watersport activities such as skiing, tubing and wakeboarding. This is because the activities take place off the boat’s rear, making the space important and outboard engines could get in the way.

Sterndrives 

Sterndrive engines combine features of both inboard and outboard engines and are attached to a drive unit or outdrive through the transom. They are also known as inboards/outboards (I/Os). They are four-stroke automotive engines adapted for marine use, mounted inside the boat, and quieter and more fuel-efficient.

The sterndrive engine is attached to a drive unit, the lower part of the outboard, and turns a drive shaft attached to a propeller at the other end. The outdrive controls the steering of sterndrive boats by swivelling like an outboard to direct the propeller thrust.

Jet drives 

Jet drives have a strong water pump that is powered by an engine. This pump takes in water and then forces a jet of water out of the vessel to thrust it forward. The vessel is steered by directing this jet of water.

Jet drives are most commonly found on personal watercraft, especially those used in shallow water conditions. Jet drives can also be used on larger vessels such as jet boats and can either be inboard or outboard jet drives.

Which is better, a sterndrive and outboard engine?

sterndrive and outboard engine

Choosing between a sterndrive and outboard has always been straightforward until recently. This is because manufacturers built either one or the other in a certain style, so choosing the style you wanted meant that you settle for the power that the boat came with.

Now, you can choose the engine you want on any boat, so how do you choose? This section takes you through the pros and cons of each for easier choosing.

Pros

Sterndrive engineOutboard engine 
It has a better power-to-weight ratioPowerful and can give off more horsepower
Value for money Affordable 
Spacious enough with a large transom platformHave a spacious cockpit and more usable boat space
Uses less fuel per horsepowerMore affordable to maintain 
Optimal weight distribution Lighter 
It offers visibility over the stern with no obstruction It has an open swim platform

Cons

Sterndrive engineOutboard engine 
Limited access to the engine space It uses more fuel per horsepower
Has a higher chance of a leak where the drive exits the boat and must be monitored 
Requires more winterization steps
Has a great risk of fire 

Going by the table above, it is clear that outboards have more pros than cons than stern drives. This doesn’t mean that It’s all doom for stern drives, but you are better off with an outboard if you are after more wins. Some situations may force you to choose stern drives, especially if you want a craft for water sports. Consider why you need the boat to decide which engine type suits your needs best.

Final word

Nowadays, boats come with different engine types, and users have difficulty understanding and distinguishing the different options. We hope that you now know the differences between different boat engines and you can choose one that suits your specific need with ease.

Leave a Comment

2 × 2 =